Uzbekistan Railways was established on November 7, 1994 on the basis of the former Central Asian Railway, located on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan. This railway company operates the railways of Uzbekistan as well as the Tashkent Metro.
As of January 1, 2019, the total installed length of motor roads of the joint-stock company was 6950 km, of which 2500 km were electrified. The company employs 91,000 people.
The annual freight turnover of the railroad is about 25 percent of the total freight turnover of all types of transport in the country. (In 2015, the total freight turnover of all types of transport in Uzbekistan amounted to 88.9 billion t-km, on the Uzbek railway – 22.9 billion t-km).
Uzbekistan Railways launched the second largest high-speed passenger train (Afrosiab) from Tashkent to the third largest city of Uzbekistan – Samarkand (after the Russian Sapsan train on the Moscow-St. Petersburg route). Later it was extended to Bukhara.